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How to Creating Tables in Laravel Using Migrations?

Support Laravel Version: Laravel 8, Laravel 9, Laravel 10, Laravel 11 With Latest All Version Support.

In Laravel migrations are used to create database tables. These migrations are version-controlled and allow you to define the structure of your database tables in a PHP file, making it easy to share and manage changes across different environments. Here’s how you can create tables in Laravel migrations:

1. Create a Migration:

Use the artisan command to create a new migration file. This command will generate a new PHP file in the `database/migrations` directory.

php artisan make:migration create_table_name

Replace `table_name` with the name you want to give your table.

2. Edit the Migration File:

Open the generated migration file in the `database/migrations` directory. You’ll see two methods: `up()` and `down()`. In the `up()` method, define the schema for creating the table using the `Schema` facade.

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
class CreateTableNameTable extends Migration
{
public function up()
{
Schema::create('table_name', function (Blueprint $table) {
$table->id();
$table->string('column_name');
// Add more columns as needed
$table->timestamps();
});
}
public function down()
{
Schema::dropIfExists('table_name');
}
}

Replace `’column_name’` with the actual column names you want to define in your table. You can use various column types such as `string`, `integer`, `text`, `boolean`, `date`, etc. Refer to the Laravel documentation for a full list of available column types and options.

3. Run Migrations:

Once you’ve defined your migration, run the migration using the artisan command:

php artisan migrate

This command will execute all pending migrations and create the corresponding tables in your database.

4. Rollback Migrations (Optional):

If you need to rollback your migration (i.e., undo the changes), you can use the `migrate:rollback` command:

php artisan migrate:rollback

This will rollback the last batch of migrations.

That’s it! You’ve now created a table using Laravel migrations. Repeat the process for any additional tables you need to create, and remember to always keep your migrations in sync with your database schema.