Set up master-slave replication in Laravel

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Setting up master-slave replication in Laravel involves configuring your MySQL database server to replicate data from a master database to one or more slave databases. Laravel itself does not directly handle database replication; rather, it relies on MySQL’s replication capabilities. Here’s a general guide on how to set up master-slave replication with MySQL, which you can integrate with your Laravel application:

Step 1: Configure Master Database:

1. Open the MySQL configuration file (`my.cnf` or `my.ini`) on your master database server.
2. Ensure that the `server-id` parameter is set to a unique value.
3. Configure the `log-bin` parameter to enable binary logging.
4. Set up a replication user on the master server with appropriate privileges to replicate data.

Example `my.cnf` configuration:


Step 2: Configure Slave Database(s):

1. Open the MySQL configuration file on your slave database server(s).
2. Set the `server-id` parameter to a unique value.
3. Configure the `read-only` parameter to prevent accidental writes on the slave(s).
4. Configure the `relay-log` parameter to specify the location for relay logs.
5. Restart the MySQL service after making configuration changes.

Example `my.cnf` configuration for a slave:


Step 3: Initialize Replication on the Slave:

1. Log in to the MySQL shell on the slave server.
2. Execute the `CHANGE MASTER TO` statement with appropriate parameters to specify the master server’s details and the replication user credentials.
3. Start replication on the slave server.

Example SQL commands to initialize replication on the slave:


Replace `’master_ip_address’`, `’replication_user’`, `’replication_password’`, `’mysql-bin.XXXXXX’`, and `’XXX’` with the appropriate values from your master server configuration.

Step 4: Monitor Replication:

1. Verify that replication is working by checking the slave’s status using the `SHOW SLAVE STATUS\G;` command in the MySQL shell.
2. Monitor replication status regularly to ensure data consistency between the master and slave(s).

Step 5: Configure Laravel:

1. Update your Laravel application’s database configuration to point to the master database server for write operations and to the slave database server(s) for read operations.
2. Utilize Laravel’s database connection configuration to specify different connections for reads and writes.
3. Ensure that your application handles failover gracefully in case the master server becomes unavailable.

Additional Considerations:

Backup Strategy: Implement a backup strategy for both the master and slave databases to ensure data integrity and availability.
Network Configuration: Optimize network connectivity between the master and slave servers to minimize replication lag.
Performance Monitoring: Monitor replication lag and database performance using tools like MySQL Enterprise Monitor or Percona Monitoring and Management (PMM).

By following these steps, you can set up master-slave replication in your Laravel application with MySQL. Ensure to test the setup thoroughly and monitor replication status regularly to maintain data consistency and availability.